Sunday, January 31, 2016

Air Navigation Services

The technology company Indra has just won the contract to modernize air traffic management in Costa Rica, including systems control tower of the three airports of the country.

In total, the contract is valued at 12 million and allow the Spanish company to strengthen the already strong relationship we enjoy as a technology provider for the Central American Corporation for Air Navigation Services (COCESNA).

In fact, Indra currently manages the entire upper airspace of Central America as well as being one of the leading providers of radar systems worldwide, with technology installed in more than 4,000 installations of 160 different countries.

Thanks to this Costa Rican contract to which access has been elEconomista, Indra renew facilities and technologies responsible for air control Juan Santamaria international airport, the largest in the country and serves the city of San Jose. Also it will do the same in the airport premises of Daniel Oduber Quirós in Liberia; and Tobias Bolaños Palma.
Air Navigation Services 
In the case of focal air traffic of San Jose, as detailed Indra agreed improvements incorporated "advanced voice communication systems Garex 300, part of the family Indra systems IP communication and recorders Neptune voice ".

Made in Spain Technology
Broadly speaking, the Made in Spain technology will help the Central American country to increase the volume of air traffic thanks to a radar able to increase the capacity of detection and identification of aircraft.

Hand Indra, Costa Rica will be the first country in the world that have technology that incorporates the so-called 'NAM Protocol Level 3', considered "the most advanced to facilitate coordination between control centers when transferring responsibility management of flight control center to another. "

According to the company, the primary surveillance radars Indra were sold outside the US. At the same time, the secondary radars 'S Mode', which are distinguished by incorporating identification technology more advanced aircraft currently already operating at 175 facilities worldwide and currently cover the "air traffic surveillance 60% of Chinese airspace, almost the entire sky in India or 90% of the sky Ecuador, among other references, "adds the firm. Besides Costa Rica, the company has also supplied similar systems to countries like Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru or Colombia.

About 25 employees, all computer and not lose detail of the screens of their respective computers, pending find any anomaly that reflects a suspected behavior of "malware". Ahead of us, right on the wall, two giant panels reflect a projected map of the world and many graphs that analyze, in real time, thousands of customers devices company based in the Madrid town of image Alcobendas. On both sides there are four TVs, makers warn of any kind of alert occurs.
We are in the Security Operations Center (SOC) of Sec S21, a Spanish company specializing in cybersecurity and founded by Xabier Mitxelena (current CEO) and Miguel Fernandez. These two entrepreneurs started in 2000 to offer comprehensive managed services ranging from business analysis to monitoring structure 24 hours of data traffic from his native San Sebastian. Today already have offices in USA, Mexico, UK, Portugal, Barcelona, ​​Pamplona and Madrid.
It was in the latter where Dridex, a computer virus that was raging in the bank accounts of hundreds of thousands of users around the world and brought the head to Europol and selfsame FBI detected.
It caused the volume of fraud has been extremely high, exceeding the 344,721 infected computers more than 195 countries
"It was not a fluke. We detect that something was behaving like Cridex, but not Cridex. It was then that we began to investigate on our own creating a specific signature". The speaker is David Avila Parodi, Manager of eCrime Sec or S21, so we understand, who manages the team of analysts who crammed the room.
Sec S21 has a platform of analysis of "malware" that every day looks more than 40,000 different viruses. They do this mainly to see if they can affect some of its customers. But this platform 'made in Spain' allows them to detect not only known Trojans, but also new threats.

Canary Islands

One of the criticisms of renewable energy is that it is not possible to predict when and how much energy they produce. And in the case of wind turbines, many of the production peaks occur at night when demand drops considerably. That is about to go down in history. A pioneering project carried out in the Canary Islands has achieved a way of storing electricity on a large scale and economically viable energy.

The 'Store' project, in which the companies Endesa, Televent, Isotrol and Ingeteam involved, is the largest project of its kind in Europe island environments, and its main objective is to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of storage systems large-scale energy.

Electricity we have at home or at work, we use to give the light switch, turn on the microwave or put the dishwasher is being generated at that moment in a power plant, then travels through the transmission and distribution and it is directly consumed by the customer. Although there are methods of storage, so far its implementation on a large scale was not feasible due to its high cost, among other reasons.
Canary Islands 
On a small scale if they could store energy in a battery (a car, or as part of a PV system in a house), yet it was not viable to build a battery that could power a whole city, according to spokesmen for the project. "We have shown that it is possible to store surplus electricity with renewable energy. And this helps the electrical system and is also beneficial to the environment," says Juan Carlos Ballesteros, deputy director of R & D of Endesa. "All the technology and power electronics is national. We are very proud of this project," he says.

The project promotes the full integration of renewable energies, as the electrical energy storage can extend the operational capacity of these energies for 24 hours a day, regardless of the specific needs of the system. According to Jose Luis Garcia Fierro, research professor at the Center for Scientific Research (CSIC), is a project with "an extraordinary relevance. During the night we turbines that produce electricity because the wind blows at that time. But now there is little electricity consumption and we have excess power. Therefore, designing an alternative to accumulate that excess is extraordinarily important, "he says.

Store has been a pioneering project in Spain in research on energy storage in island environments was launched in 2008. In early 2014, were already implemented the first three floors of stored electrical energy are integrated into the network electricity in Spain in Endesa generation facilities in the Canary Islands, specifically in La Gomera, La Palma and Gran Canaria.

Precisely the latter, Gran Canaria, has the largest storage capacity and can function as a group of manageable generation, whose loading and unloading can be scheduled daily. These batteries could supply about 1,000 homes for 5 hours.

The choice of the Canary Islands to develop this project was key, since it attempts to answer the problems that present the systems on the islands, where the network stability is more affected by generation technologies unmanaged, as is the case of renewables.

Thursday, January 28, 2016

How to get the virus to hacker

Since the Trojan Zeus made their appearance in 2006 and cybercrime evolve towards the model of 'malware as a service' that can be found today, there has been a growing trend in the number of viruses that infect users worldwide . In particular, France, the UK and Spain have been, for four years, one of the favorite targets cybercrime in Europe.

Mainly, they are banking Trojans character which constitute a greater threat to users. Among them Dridex, which has made its appearance on the cyber scene in recent months.

Dridex is an evolution of malware Cridex, which in turn is based on the Zeus Trojan, which first appeared in late 2014 through a campaign of spam that generated more than 15,000 emails every day. The volume of fraud has been extremely high, surpassing the 344,721 infected computers more than 195 countries. France and Britain have been the most affected with 50% of the total.
Its behavior is deceptively simple: it is done with the user credentials when attempting to connect to the session and then try to steal bank. According to the FBI, losses can be attributed at least $ 10 million to this virus only attacks in the US, and a Spanish company has now been commissioned to unmask those responsible.

"What we did was to create a specific signature in our analysis platform in order to create rules that allow us to identify the 'malware' that was running. Since that time we realized that the number of samples was increasing," adds Parodi.
How to get the virus to 'hacker'
Most of 'malware' sold for use by anyone for a small fee. Dridex not. In this case, the malicious code was used by the band itself cybercriminals who used to exploit, which for S21 Sec was a plus.
(Picture: Reuters) (Picture: Reuters)
"Not the same investigate a threat in the form of thousands of 'bots' another managed only by a few users. When we noticed this peculiarity by tracking all samples Dridex we had detected, in order to discover from where it is connected. For that generate a map of the entire structure to see which countries were and get an idea of ​​what his exact dimension. "
What they found was a mafia in charge of stealing hundreds of different data servers to thousands of users. Whenever an infected internet user entered your password on the computer I did was send to each of them, and had more than 800.

"At that time we realized that on our own we would not be able to neutralize it" acknowledges David Avila Parodi. Managers were doing Europol, the FBI and the Civil Guard, with the help of this Spanish company, who in a joint operation succeeded recently in Cyprus to stop this cybercriminal gang leader of Moldovan nationality, and has already been charged formally of criminal conspiracy.
Before an email with 'phishing' procedure it is to track the IP. It's like a puzzle. Start and finish at China in Russia

Although they could not give details of the operation, sources of the Civil Guard have explained to 'Teknautas' that "80% of investigations of this kind of telematic crimes are done by tracking IP users. The procedure followed in an email with 'phishing' is to track the IP. If it takes you to a foreign country you have to do is ask the list server country owner of the node from which it was sent. It's like a puzzle. Start in China and Russia finish. Each time you enter and exit a country changing IP, so you have to go soliciting input and output via letters rogatory to the various judicial organs "
Once located the original point of departure of the virus can only hope to repeat. "It can be a house or a cafe. The problem comes when there are countries that do not cooperate. In most African states such telematic crimes are not investigated, something that many cybercriminals are taking advantage," they conclude.